John Myunghune Kim, also known as UCLA’s John Kim, is a sales manager at a biotech startup in Los Angeles. In the following article, John Kim discusses current news in science and technology.
Its name is NJH395 and it is one of the most promising new approaches in the fight against cancer.
In early clinical trials, the drug has shown the ability at the molecular level to boost the immune system to fight cancerous tumors. The study, published in Cancer Immunology Research, offers critical evidence that such an antibody can deliver immune-stimulating activation to cancer cells in the body, explains John Myunghune Kim.
Further research is needed, especially since several safety concerns were outlined in the initial phase of the trial.
NJH395 has the potential to be groundbreaking. It consists of two molecules, an antibody that binds to the surface proteins of cancer cells, and another molecule that the antibody carries to the tumor to stimulate an immune response.
UCLA’s John Kim explains that it activates certain receptors that have already been found to boost immunity against cancer-causing tumors.
The drug was developed by Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Novartis Biomedical Research Institutes. This is the first test of a class of so-called “conjugated antibody” immune-boosting drugs.
AI in criminal justice – possibly far down the road
Artificial intelligence is changing the way we work and play. But it may still be too early to integrate in certain areas, such as the criminal justice system.
That’s the finding of a new paper from a Ph.D. student at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada. The student, a criminal defense attorney, found that risk assessments using artificial intelligence would simply transfer human biases related to class, race and likelihood of recidivism into data-driven tools like AI.
In the study, John Myunghune Kim notes that certain groups, such as indigenous defendants, are particularly vulnerable to flaws in AI reasoning.
The spider monkey skeleton offers insight into the diplomacy of ancient America
Spider money sacrificed 1,700 years ago near modern-day Mexico City sheds light on diplomatic relations between ancient Mesoamericans.
John Kim of the University of California, Los Angeles discusses a study of the sacrificial monkey that shows it was likely a diplomatic offer from the Mayan people to the Teotihuacans, who lived outside Mexico City, according to research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . It is also the earliest evidence of primate captivity.
The skeleton was found in 2018 alongside other animal skeletons at the Teotihuacan pyramid near a part of the city where visiting Mayan elites likely lived.
Analysis of the monkey’s teeth and bones found that it had lived in captivity for several years after being captured at a young age in a humid habitat far from Mexico City, explains John Myunghune Kim.
The discovery of the monkey also indicates that the Maya and Teotihuacan probably had friendly relations before the Teotihuacan army invaded Tikal, a Maya city, in 378 AD, according to Maya hieroglyphs.
Ready for EVs – Solar EVs are next
Just as Americans are getting used to an array of electric vehicles hitting the roads, the country will soon see the world’s first solar EVs hit the auto market in the next few years.
Electric cars with solar panels are made by everyone from Southern California’s Aptera Motors to German manufacturer Sono Motors. Such panels result in up to 45 extra miles of power — on clear days.
Solar EVs use lithium batteries that are charged to grid electricity, similar to standard EVs. The real solar energy comes from those who drive them shorter distances. In such cases, the fuel comes mostly from the sun and therefore comes for free.
UCLA’s John Kim says Europe could see the Sono Sion as early as summer 2040. Pricing is expected to start at $25,000.
Insect control with a small strip
Scientists from Germany’s Martin Luther Halle-Wittenberg University may soon be humanity’s best friend.
They have invented a new insect repellent that can be printed and worn in small forms, such as a light ring worn on the finger. It then delivers an agent that can repel mosquitoes. The findings appear in the International Journal of Pharmaceutics.
The device uses a repellent created by Merck and is the first time an active insect repellent ingredient has been encapsulated and molded into a small form.
Scientists discover oldest use of controlled fire for cooking
A research team has uncovered what they believe is the oldest use of controlled fire for cooking food.
UCLA’s John Kim reports that scientists analyzed the remains of a fish found at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, an Israeli archaeological site, and found that the carp-like fish was cooked about 780,000 years ago. That’s 600,000 years earlier than previous data suggests.
The findings, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, have the potential to rewrite our understanding of when early humans began cooking food over fire.