Where is sports betting legal? A guide to all 50 states

There are 38 states that allow sports betting in the US. Here’s where the rest of the action is across America.


A days before Hard Rock International launched the Florida sports betting market early last December, CEO Jim Allen had two words to describe the highly anticipated moment: “Excitement.”

Allen, who is also CEO of Seminole Gaming, says he believes Florida could eventually become the largest sports betting market in the country. “We have 22 million people in the state of Florida,” he says, explaining how the Sunshine State has two million more people than New York, which is currently the US sports betting king with $1.7 billion in revenue from $19.1 billion in bets in 2023

Florida became the last state to offer regulated sports betting in the United States last year. Sports gambling is now legal in 38 states (plus Puerto Rico and Washington, DC), up from 37 in 2023, while mobile sports betting is legal in 30 states, up from 28 in 2023 (North Carolina is expected to launch its mobile betting program later this year, while Vermont begins mobile sports betting in January.)

The legalization of sports betting spread rapidly across the country, beginning in 2018 when the Supreme Court struck down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act. Better known as PASPA, the law effectively made sports betting illegal except in Nevada and a few other states. After the ban was lifted, states were allowed to legalize sports betting and start their own programs.

But all this new market growth is expected to slow the decline in 2024. Brendan Busman, managing partner of B Global, a consulting firm focused on gaming and hospitality, says the remaining countries that do not have a legal sports gambling market will be the hardest to overturn. “This year may be the first lull in sports betting since PASPA was repealed five years ago,” Busman says. “The low-hanging fruit is gone.”

As for the two biggest potential new markets, California and Texas, Busman says the odds aren’t good. In California, where there is a new ballot measure that stakeholders are trying to bring to voters on Election Day in 2024, the effort failed last year, with only 40 percent of voters saying yes to legalized sports betting. “Don’t bet on California,” Busman says. “I don’t see that happening in 2024.”

There is also no hope of expansion in Texas in 2024, where the state legislature meets only in odd-numbered years. The next opportunity in Texas, where Las Vegas Sands owner Miriam Adelson is in the process of buying the Dallas Mavericks from billionaire Mark Cuban, will be in 2025.

It also doesn’t stand a chance in states like Utah, Idaho or Hawaii, Busman says. “But everyone else will flirt with it,” he says. “Sports betting this year is more about reform than expansion.”


But 2024 is sure to be another one for the record books in terms of the amount of money Americans will bet on sporting events. In the first 10 months of 2023, Americans bet $91.98 billion on sports legally — a 24.7 percent jump from the same time period in 2022, according to a study conducted by the American Gaming Association. (Total revenue from the fourth quarter of last year is still being calculated.) Sports betting generated $8.33 billion in revenue from those bets, a 50.8% increase over the same period in 2022. Sports betting revenue from the top 10 months of 2023 have already surpassed those of 2022. Full-year revenue totaled $7.18 billion.

“We’re pretty confident that this amount will exceed $100 billion in 2023, for the first time in history,” said Chris Silke, senior vice president of government relations at the American Gaming Association. “We continue to see year-on-year growth. In 2024, there is optimism that the trend will continue up and to the right.”

Here’s where it stands with the states that haven’t legalized sports betting yet:

Georgia

“Georgia jumps to the top of the mind,” Cylke says when he thinks about which states are likely to legalize sports gambling in 2024. “This is the state where they’ve been looking at sports betting for several years now.” Lawmakers have tried to push bills for sports betting betting in 2021, 2022 and 2023. Georgia Sen. Brandon Beach, a Republican, plans to introduce a constitutional amendment to legalize sports betting, casino gaming and horse racing early this year. If the amendment passes, it will be decided by voters as a ballot measure in November 2024.

Minnesota

A bill that would have given control of Minnesota’s legal sports betting market to Native American tribes failed to pass the state Senate in 2022, and the effort failed again last year. House Speaker Melissa Hortman said at a news conference in May days before the end of the 2023 legislative session: “I think we’re probably out of time.” The bill can be considered by the deputies this year as well.

Missouri

Missouri is almost entirely surrounded by states that have legal sports betting markets, including Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa and Kansas. But the 2023 legislative session ended in May, plagued by filibusters, and lawmakers were unable to get a sports betting bill to Gov. Mike Parsons’ desk. A possible ballot measure could be put before voters this year. “Missouri is a tough place, where they’ve been in this position for several years, and it’s getting the same results,” says AGA’s Silke. Busman says there is a small group of lawmakers against sports betting, but he believes the issue will at least get some attention. “Missouri will at least talk about it,” Busman says.

Mississippi

Mississippi was one of the first states to legalize in-person sports betting at its 26 casinos, but mobile betting is not legal statewide. (Bettors can place mobile bets on sports events while inside a licensed casino, but the apps don’t work outside of casino property.) Gov. Tate Reeves created a task force to study the pros and cons of legalizing mobile sports betting, and the group presented its findings at the end of last 2023. Many of the 16 companies that operate casinos in Mississippi are against mobile sports betting, except for Caesars and Penn Entertainment, which are in favor. Like Missouri, Mississippi is surrounded by states that have legal mobile betting programs – including Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana. “They’re going to look at it carefully this year,” assures Silke.

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